Which Career Combines DNA Technology & Medicine?


Which Career Combines DNA Technology & Medicine?

There are many careers that combine DNA technology and medicine which include medical genetics, clinical genetics, genetics counselors, clinical labor

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There are many careers that combine DNA technology and medicine which include medical genetics, clinical genetics, genetics counselors, clinical laboratory genetics, etc.

Clinical Geneticists

Clinical examinations are explained by a Clinical geneticist, and test results are diagnosis by it. Here are some of the tests a clinical geneticist reads diagnosis of:

Carrier testing: For those patients who demanded a family history of a specific genetic disorder and if it can be passed on to a child by birth, carrier testing is recommended for them.

Prenatal diagnosis: When a mother wants to confirm a genetic diagnosis when an ultrasound detects an abnormality in the fetus, prenatal diagnosis is recommended. A common genetic disorder detected for this kind of procedure is down syndrome.

Newborn screening: The screening which is done right after a baby is born is newborn screening. This screening involves multiple tests after getting blood samples from a newborn and tests for disorders in their body.

Pharmacogenomic testing: The testing which is done to confirm the likely rate of drug metabolism is Pharmacogenomic testing. By this testing, professionals know what effects certain drugs might have on a patient. The medicine given to patients that trigger this test is warfarin. This is the usual DNA test people commonly hear about. It is to determine the identity of an individual and check for paternity cases. Law enforcement also uses this test to determine DNA samples to track a person.

Clinical Geneticists

 Clinical Laboratory Geneticists

A clinical laboratory geneticist does the tests including a sampling of blood and other DNA sampling.

Genetic Counselors

These counselors guide patients on how they would treat a condition or disorder based on the diagnosis of a geneticist. It is a counselor’s job to educate a patient about the condition and the history of the inheritance. They are the ones who can guide patients on how to treat symptoms and management of a condition.

Genetic Nurse

This nurse is in charge of creating data for assessing risk factors of a disease, whether it be genetic or non-genetic. The doctor will then use that data for diagnosis and if a condition can be passed to a patient’s offspring. Genetic nurses are also in charge of creating detailed records of medical histories.

Contributions of DNA technology in the Medical Field.

The medical field can use DNA technology in many ways. One way is called genetic engineering, also known as recombinant DNA. It forms new DNA molecules from different species used in medicine, agriculture, and science. The use of DNA technology can also be used to develop vaccines.

Essentially, vaccines are made to make our bodies believe it is fighting a harmless version of a virus so that when the actual harmful version goes in you, your body will create a defense. Some examples are the creation of insulin and human growth hormone. Insulin is used for people with diabetes, while human growth hormone is used for people with dwarfism to give them the right amount of hormones in their bodies.