Electrical energy powers up the entire world. It is generated in different ways like solar energy, thermal energy, nuclear energy, wind energy, hydel
Electrical energy powers up the entire world. It is generated in different ways like solar energy, thermal energy, nuclear energy, wind energy, hydel energy and etc. Back up of electrical energy is very important in every sector. Storage or backup of electrical energy is done after the invention of battery technology. The battery is a great innovation in that it stores electrical energy. Initially, batteries are not much efficient and have a lot of losses but after a lot of research and development latest batteries are in the market like lithium-ion batteries, etc. After the entrance of solid-state batteries into the digital world.
Everyone is grabbing this technology and it is very famous in this era. Now the bulk amount of energy from solar and wind is stored in lithium-ion giant battery banks. Space crafts, mobiles, laptops telecommunication sector almost every organization is utilizing this technology. New battery technology like lithium-ion batteries is also adopted by automobiles worldwide. Now cars, buses, trains, and space crafts are using these batteries. It is also the biggest source of green technology because of negligible carbon emissions. Now demand for electric vehicles or battery electric vehicles is raised up and governments worldwide are also subsidizing electric car companies along with batteries companies.
In lithium-ion batteries, energy storage and release are provided by the movement of lithium ions from positive to negative electrodes back and forth via the electrolyte. The biggest advantage of a lithium-ion battery is that it has high energy density, excellent specific energy 140 Wh/kg, and excellent retaining energy with a self-discharge rate of 5% per month. It also has a very long lifetime and cycling performance with thousands of charging ad discharging cycles. It is also a safer battery as compared to other batteries and during repeated fast charging sessions for short time it is hazard-free.
After lithium-ion batteries, scientists, engineers, and chemists are working on the commercialization of lithium-sulfur batteries. The energy density of lithium-sulfur batteries is 4 times more than lithium-ion batteries. And this feature made it perfect for the space and aviation industry. In these batteries, the solid-state electrolyte is used which increases its life, cycles, and minimum self-discharge as compared to Li-ion batteries. Very soon car manufacturers also adopt this amazing and efficient technology.
New battery technology of Tesla.
Tesla is the biggest giant in manufacturing modern and efficient battery electric vehicles. Initially, Tesla utilized lithium-ion battery packs but now they are working very hard to bring lithium-ion batteries into their latest car models. General Motors and Tesla both are in the same vision of making more durable, long-range battery cell technology. Having this technology allows electric vehicles to go 400 miles on a single charge. Tesla from its birth manufactured efficient battery-electric vehicles like Tesla Roadster, Model S, Model Y, and model 3. Model 3 lithium-ion battery capacity is 82 kWh and the electric range is 220 miles using a permanent magnet synchronous motor.
Tesla Roadster has a battery capacity of 53 kWh with an electric range of 244 miles and 3- a phase 4 pole Ac induction motor is used. Model Y has a lithium-ion battery capacity of 75 kWh and its electric range is 303 miles using a permanent magnet synchronous reluctance motor. Model S lithium-ion battery capacity of 100 kWh having an electric range of 259 miles and 3 phase Ac induction motor is installed in it. Now more than 5 million battery-electric vehicles are on the roads.
New Battery Technology Breakthrough.
The biggest breakthrough is that the batteries no longer utilized liquid electrolytes, The innovation of solid-state batteries these batteries used electrolytes like ceramics, glass, polymer and etc. Alternative to lithium-ion batteries there is also new batteries in the market which are more efficient and have more life and cycles. These latest batteries technology includes lithium iron, batteries, lithium-sulfur batteries, graphene supercapacitors, or graphene aluminum ion battery cells from Brisbane-based graphene manufacturing group known as GMG are claimed to charge up to 60 times faster than the best lithium-ion cells and hold three times the energy of the aluminum-based cells.
Redox flow batteries, Aluminum graphite batteries, Bioelectricchemical batteries and etc. Elon Musk the Ceo of Tesla unveiled a plan that they are developing tables battery. That battery could improve electric car power and range and the price of cars that will use this table technology is less as compared to cars utilizing Li Technology. These latest Tablets cells, which Tesla calls 4860, will give the company Ev,s batteries five times more energy capacity make them six times more powerful, and enable a 16% range increase for Tesla vehicles. So the technology which will come after Li-ion will drive the majority of electric vehicles and BEVs (battery electric vehicle is the future of the world because the reserves of oil will deplete Soon.
Latest Battery Technology 2021.
The latest technology includes lithium-ion batteries with solid-state electrolytes, Lithium-Sulfur batteries, graphene aluminum batteries, and Tablets cell technology. All these batteries are the latest innovations and will soon conquer the entire battery and Ev market and other sectors like the energy sector where power storage is in the biggest demand will also get the benefit. The aviation and space industry will also get benefit from these modern and efficient batteries.